Biography Cundo Bermudez

BERMUDEZ DELGADO, Secundino

Artistic name: Cundo Bermúdez

Signature: Cundo Bermúdez

Born: Havana, Cuba, September 3, 1914

Resides: San Juan, Puerto Rico [1960-1996]/Coral Gables, Florida, 1996

Art forms: PAINTING, ENGRAVING, DRAWING

EDUCATION

[193 -?] Escuela Nacional de Bellas Artes “San Alejandro,” Havana, CUBA [unfinished].

1937‑1941 Political and Economic Sciences, Universidad de La Habana, Havana, CUBA.

PROFESSIONAL ACTIVITY

1949 Founding Member. Asociación de Pintores y Escultores de Cuba (APEC), Havana, CUBA.

SOLO SHOWS

1942

Cundo Bermúdez. Gouaches y Acuarelas. Lyceum, Havana, CUBA.

1943

Felipe Orlando y Cundo Bermúdez; Oleos y Gouaches [October 29‑November 8]. Lyceum, Havana, CUBA.

1945

Cundo Bermúdez: 20 Gouaches [April 3‑11]. Lyceum, Havana, CUBA.*

1947

Cundo Bermúdez; once óleos y cuatro gouaches recientes [November 12‑21]. Lyceum, Havana, CUBA.

Cundo Bermúdez. Centre d’Art, Port‑au‑Prince, HAITI.

1948

Cundo Bermúdez; Oils and Gouaches [April 1‑30]. Panamerican Union, Washington, D.C., U.S.A.

1952

Cundo Bermúdez [January 3‑13]. Lyceum, La Habana, CUBA.*

1955

Galería Cubana, Havana, CUBA.

1956

Un itinerario por la pintura de Cundo Bermúdez. Lyceum, Havana, CUBA.

1957

Exposición de Cundo Bermúdez. Instituto de Arte Contemporáneo, Lima, PERU.

1960

Instituto de Arte Contemporáneo, Lima, PERU.

Cundo Bermúdez. Museo de Bellas Artes, Santiago de Chile, CHILE.

1974

Cundo Bermúdez Painting/Alfredo Lozano Sculptures [December 16/1974-January 3/1975]. Bacardí Art Gallery, Miami, Florida, U.S.A.*

1975

Metropolitan Museum and Art Center, Coral Gables, Florida, U.S.A.

1978

Lowe Art Museum, University of Miami, Miami, Florida, U.S.A.

1978/1979/1980

Forma Gallery, Coral Gables, Florida, U.S.A.

Museum of Modern Art of Latin America (OEA), Washington, D.C., U.S.A.

1987

Cundo Bermúdez. Un Homenaje. Museo Cubano de Arte y Cultura, Miami, Florida, .S.A.*

1990

Cundo Bermúdez. A Retrospective. Marta Gutiérrez Fine Art, Miami Beach, Florida, U.S.A.

1991

Cundo Bermúdez. Obras Recientes. Exposición Homenaje [October-November]. Galería Durban, Caracas, VENEZUELA.*

1994

An Homage to Cundo Bermúdez [January]. Sotheby’s and Merrill Lynch International, Miami, Florida, U.S.A.*

SELECTED GROUP SHOWS

1937

Exposición de Pintura Cubana Actual [February 10‑?]. Lyceum, Havana, CUBA*

Primera Exposición de Pintura y Escultura al Aire Libre [February 27‑March 5]. Parque Albear, Havana, CUBA.

Primera Exposición de Arte Moderno. Pintura y Escultura [March 23‑April 8]. Salones del Centro de Dependientes, Havana, CUBA.*

1938

II Exposición Nacional de Pintura y Escultura [June]. Castillo de La Fuerza, Havana, CUBA.*

1940

300 Años de Arte en Cuba; exhibición de obras representativas del movimiento artístico en Cuba desde sus inicios hasta nuestros días [April 18-?]. Universidad de La Habana, Havana, CUBA.*

1941

Exposición de Arte Cubano Contemporáneo [November]. Salón de los Pasos Perdidos. Capitolio Nacional, Havana, CUBA.*

1943 Una Exposición de Pintura y Escultura Modernas Cubanas [June 8‑17]. Institución Hispano‑Cubana de Cultura, Havana, CUBA.*

1945

6éme Exposition du Centre d’Art. Les Peintres Modernes Cubains [January 18‑February 4]. Centre d’Art, Port‑au‑Prince, HAITI.*

Colección de Pinturas de la Legación de Cuba en Moscú [March]. Moscow, U.S.S.R.*

Lo Inmóvil [May 8‑16]. Lyceum, Havana, CUBA.*

Exposición de Pintura Cubana Moderna [October 6‑13]. Academia Nacional de Bellas Artes, Guatemala City, GUATEMALA.*

1946

III Exposición Nacional de Pintura y Escultura [March 2‑17]. Salón de los Pasos Perdidos, Capitolio Nacional, Havana, CUBA.*

Exposición de Pintura Cubana Moderna [June‑?]. Palacio de Bellas Artes, Mexico City, MEXICO.*

11 Pintores Cubanos [July 2‑25]. Museo de Bellas Artes, La Plata/ [August 3-10]. Salones Nacionales de Exposición, Buenos Aires, ARGENTINA.*

Cuban Modern Paintings in Washington Collections [December 1/1946-January 3/1947]. Panamerican Union, Washington, D.C., U.S.A.

1948

Exposición Panamericana de Pintura Moderna [February 16‑?]. Museo de Bellas Artes, Caracas, VENEZUELA.*

1949

Pintura. Escultura. APEC [July 15‑31]. Lyceum, Havana, CUBA.* 7 Kubanska Malare [October 29-November 27]. Liljevalchs Konsthall, Stockholm, SWEDEN.*

1950

Pinturas. Cundo Bermúdez, Amelia Peláez y Martínez Pedro [July 3‑16]. Lyceum, Havana, CUBA.*

24 Artistas Cubanos ante la UNESCO [December 10‑23]. Lyceum, Havana, CUBA.*

1951

Art Cubain Contemporain [February 28‑March]. Musée National d’Art Moderne, Paris, FRANCE.*

Lateinamerikanische Kunst der Gegenwart [September]. Stuttgart /Munich/Nuremberg/Mannheim/Heidelberg/[July]. Francfurt am Main/ Kassel/Essen, F.R.G.*

I Bienal do Museu de Arte Moderna de Sâo Paulo [October 20-December]. Trianon, Avenida Paulista, Sâo Paulo, BRAZIL.

1952

XXVI Biennale di Venezia [June 14‑October 19]. Venice, ITALY.

1952-1954

7 Cuban Painters [August 15-September 20/1952]. Pan American Union, Washington, D.C./[1952]. Boston Contemporary Art Institute, Boston, Massachusetts*/[April/1953]. J.B. Speed Museum of Art, Louisville, Kentucky/[October/1953]. White Gallery, Washington, D.C., U.S.A./[January 15‑February 15/1954]. National Gallery of Ottawa, Ottawa, CANADA.

1953

II Bienal do Museu de Arte Moderna de Sâo Paulo [December 8/1953‑February/1954]. Parque Ibirapuera, Sâo Paulo, BRAZIL.*

1954

Plástica Cubana Contemporánea. Homenaje a José Martí [January 28‑February 14]. Lyceum, Havana, CUBA.*

Primer Festival Universitario de Arte [May 20-June 4]. Universidad de La Habana, Havana, CUBA.

1955

II Festival Universitario de Arte. Exposición Plástica Cubana Contemporánea [July 7‑23]. Escuela de Derecho. Universidad de La Habana, Havana, CUBA.*

Sala Permanente de Artes Plásticas de Cuba [July 22-?]. Museo Nacional de Bellas Artes, Havana, CUBA.*

1956

Gulf‑Caribbean Art Exhibition [April 4-May 6]. The Museum of Fine Arts of Houston, Texas/The Dallas Museum of Fine Arts, Texas/The Institute of Contemporary Art, Boston, Massachusetts/The Munson Williams-Proctor Institute, Utica, New York/ The Carnegie Institute, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania/The Colorado Springs Fine Art Center, Colorado, U.S.A.

El Paisaje en la Pintura Moderna Cubana [July 27‑August 14]. Lyceum, Havana, CUBA.*

1957 IV Bienal do Museu de Arte Moderna de Sâo Paulo [September-December]. Parque Ibirapuera, Sâo Paulo, BRAZIL.*

1959

Contemporary Drawings from Latin America [April 13-May 10]. Pan American Union, Washington, D.C., U.S.A.*

Exposición Pintura Contemporánea Cubana [September 12‑22]. Universidad de Santo Tomás de Villanueva, Havana, CUBA.*

5a. Bienal de Sâo Paulo [September-December]. Parque Ibirapuera, Sâo Paulo, BRAZIL.

Salón Anual 1959. Pintura, Escultura y Grabado [October 10‑November 10]. Museo Nacional de Bellas Artes, Havana, CUBA.*

1960

Pintura Contemporánea Cubana (See chapter “The Exhibitions,” no.511).

1961

Exposición de Pintura, Grabado y Cerámica. Primer Congreso Nacional de Escritores y Artistas Cubanos [August 18‑22]. Museo Nacional de Bellas Artes, Havana, CUBA.*

1963

1913‑1963 Cincuentenario del Museo Nacional [February 23-May 7]. Museo Nacional de Bellas Artes, Havana, CUBA.*

1972 Segunda Bienal de San Juan del Grabado Latinoamericano [January]. Instituto de Cultura Puertorriqueña, San Juan, PUERTO RICO.*

1973

4th Annual Exhibition GALA. Grupo de Artistas Latinoamericanos [April 30-May 18]. Bacardí Art Gallery, Miami, Florida, U.S.A.*

Tribute to Picasso [October 25-November 11]. [OAS Headquarters], Washington, D.C., U.S.A.

1974

Art of the Americas in Washington Private Collections. Tribute to the Arts of the Americas [March 15-April 17]. [OAS Headquarters], Washington, D.C., U.S.A.

Museum of Modern Art of Latin America. Selections from the Permanent Collection, Museum of Modern Art of Latin America, Washington, D.C., U.S.A.

1976

Contemporary Printmakers of the Americas [February 11-20]. [OAS Headquarters], Washington, D.C., U.S.A.

Exhibit of Modern Painting by Cuban Artists. Museo Cubano de Arte y Cultura, Miami, Florida, U.S.A.

1977

Los dioses como los vemos [November-December]. Museo de Ciencias de Caracas, Caracas, VENEZUELA.*

First Exhibit of Cintas Fellows. Miami-Dade Public Library/ Continental Bank of Miami/Miami-Dade Community College, Miami, Florida, U.S.A.

1978

Contemporary Latin American Art: The Esso Collection of the Lowe Art Museum and Latin American Artists of the Southeastern U.S. [September 14-October 8]. Lowe Art Museum, University of Miami, Coral Gables, Florida, U.S.A.

Hispanic-American Artists of the United States: Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Cuba y Uruguay [November 7-December 7]. Museum of Modern Art of Latin America, Washington, D.C., U.S.A.

1979

Arte figurativo en América Latina. Museo de Bellas Artes, Caracas, VENEZUELA.

1980

II Bienal Iberoamericana de Arte Domecq [October 12‑?]. Museo de Arte Alvar Carrillo Gil, Mexico City, MEXICO.*

Two Centuries of Cuban Art: 1759‑1959. John and Mable Ringling Museum of Art, Sarasota, Florida./Museum of Arts and Sciences, Daytona Beach, Florida, U.S.A.

1981

Contemporary Cuban Painting [September 18‑October 15]. Moss Gallery, San Francisco, California, U.S.A.*

1982

Obra Puertorriqueña de Artistas Cubanos. Homenaje de la Unión de Cubanos en el Exilio (UCE) al Pueblo de Puerto Rico [May 21-June 20]. San Juan, PUERTO RICO.*

1983

2nd Latin American Exhibition [April 29‑?]. De Armas Gallery, Miami, Florida, U.S.A.*

1987-1989

Outside Cuba/Fuera de Cuba (See chapter “The Exhibitions,” no.545).

1987

Recent Developments in Latin American Drawing [July 18-September 27]. The Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, U.S.A.*

Latin American Treasures from Miami’s Private Collections [October 8-November 8]. Center for the Fine Arts, Miami, Florida, U.S.A.*

1988

Cintas Fellows Revisited: A decade after [October 1/1988-January 15/1989]. Main Library, Metro Dade Cultural Center, Miami, Florida, U.S.A.*

1990

Figuración Fabulación: 75 Años de Pintura en América Latina, 1914-1989 [March 4-May 6]. Museo de Bellas Artes, Caracas, VENEZUELA.

1991

Art Miami’91. International Art Exposition [represented by Gary Nader Fine Arts/Marta Gutiérrez Fine Arts, Florida] [January 10‑13]. Miami Beach Convention Center, Miami, Florida, U.S.A.*

1992

Wifredo Lam and his contemporaries 1938‑1952 [December 6/1992‑April 11/1993]. The Studio Museum in Harlem, New York, U.S.A.*

1993

Cuban Artists of the Twentieth Century [October 22/1993-January 2/1994]. Museum of Art, Fort Lauderdale, Florida, U.S.A.*

1994

Cuban Artists: Expressions in Graphics [March 3-5]. Jadite Galleries, New York, U.S.A.*

Orígenes. Revista de Arte y Literatura. Las flechas de su propia estela [June]. Galería Latinoamericana, Casa de las Américas, Havana, CUBA.*

1996 Cuba Siglo XX. Modernidad y Sincretismo (See chapter “The Exhibitions,” no.568).

AWARDS

1956

Acquisition Award. Gulf Caribbean Art Exhibition, The Museum of Fine Arts of Houston, Houston, Texas, U.S.A.

Honorable Mention. Segunda Bienal de San Juan del Grabado Latinoamericano, Instituto de Cultura Puertorriqueña, San Juan, PUERTO RICO.

Award “Homage to Picasso,” Organization of American States (OAS), Washington, D.C., U.S.A.

1973

Cintas Foundation Fellowship, New York, U.S.A.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

“Cundo Bermúdez.” Noticias de Arte, Havana, Special Number dedicated to the Biennale in Brazil, Vol. I, No. 11 [illus.], p.3, CUBA, October-November, 1953*

“Cundo Bermúdez.” Pintores Cubanos, Ediciones R, La Habana [texts by Oscar González Hurtado/Edmundo Desnoes] [illus.], pp.124‑129, CUBA, 1962.*

“Cundo Bermúdez.” cat. Outside Cuba/Fuera de Cuba, Office of Hispanic Arts, and Research Institute for Cuban Studies, Rutgers University, New Jersey/Miami University, Miami, Florida, pp.92‑97, U.S.A., 1988.*

La Enciclopedia de Cuba. Book 5. Artes. Sociedad. Filosofía, Enciclopedia y Clásicos Cubanos, Inc., Ed. Playor, S.A., Madrid [illus.], SPAIN, 1975.*

“La exposición americana de Cundo Bermúdez.” El Nacional, Caracas [illus.], VENEZUELA, August 4, 1946.

“Exposición Cundo Bermúdez.” El Nacional, Caracas, VENEZUELA, April 5, 1957. “Exposición Cundo Bermúdez.” El Comercio de Lima, Lima, PERU, January 13, 1959.

“Exposición Cundo Bermúdez.” Ultimas Noticias, Santiago de Chile, CHILE, febrero 13, 1960.

“La Expresión Americana de Cundo Bermúdez.” El Nacional, Caracas, VENEZUELA, January 8, 1946.

“Muralistas en San Juan.” Americas, Washington, D.C., No. 8, U.S.A., August, 1971.

“On Cundo’s Painting “The Barbershop.” Magazine of Arts, New York, U.S.A., February, 1944.

“Tres elementos en la pintura de Cundo Bermúdez.” La Verónica, Havana, Vol. I, No. 4, CUBA, November 16, 1942.

ACEVEDO, Eduardo de. “Cundo Bermúdez.” The Week, Havana, p.13, CUBA, June 13, 1947.

APARICIO, Raúl. “Cundo Bermúdez: Apostillas a una Exposición.” Diario de la Marina, Havana, CUBA, November 27, 1942.

ARROYO, Anita. “Fiesta en la Galería Bacardí.” Diario Las Américas, Miami, Florida, U.S.A., December 12, 1974.

BANNATYNE, Ana María. “Cundo Bermúdez.” The Havana Post, Havana, CUBA, 1956.

BILBAO, Itziar. “Sin Jazz y Cubismo no hay Siglo XX.” Exito, Miami, Florida, [illus.], p.69, U.S.A., June 26, 1996.*

BLANC, Giulio V. “Cundo Bermúdez: An Homage.” cat. An Homage to Cundo Bermúdez. Sotheby’s and Merrill Lynch International, Miami, Florida, unpaginated, U.S.A., January, 1994.*

CARVACHO, Víctor. “Cundo Bermúdez; El Primitivo.” La Nación de Chile, Santiago de Chile, CHILE, February 7, 1960.

CATURLA BRU, Victoria de. “La exposición de Cundo Bermúdez en el Lyceum.” Diario de la Marina, Havana, CUBA, November 27, 1942.

C.D. “El cubano Cundo Bermúdez expone.” El Nacional, Caracas, VENEZUELA, March 26, 1957.

ESQUIROZ, Luisa. “Siempre fiel a la forma humana.” El Miami Herald, Miami, Florida, p.17, U.S.A., May 3, 1987.*

GOMEZ SICRE, José. “En torno a nuestros artistas. Cundo Bermúdez.” El Mundo, Havana, CUBA, June 1, 1941.*

_________. “Cundo Bermúdez, pintor cubano.” Norte, New York [illus.], pp.20‑21, U.S.A., February, 1943.

_________. cat. Felipe Orlando y Cundo Bermúdez; óleos y gouaches, Lyceum, Havana, CUBA, October 29‑November 8, 1943.

_________. Pintura Cubana de Hoy. Ed. María Luisa Gómez Mena, Havana [illus.], 205 pp., CUBA, 1944.*

_________. Art of Cuba in Exile. Editora Munder, Miami, Florida, [illus.], pp.13‑21, U.S.A., 1988.*

KING, Janice. “Bermúdez shown at Pan American.” Right Angle, Washington, D.C., Vol.2, No. 1 [illus.], p.6, U.S.A., May, 1948.

LAUDERMAN ORTIZ, Gladys. “Cundo Bermúdez.” El País, Havana [illus.], CUBA, January 19, 1952.

LOY, Ramón. “Exposiciones.” Boletín de la Comisión Nacional Cubana de la UNESCO, No. 3‑6, p.34, CUBA, March, 1955.*

LUIS, Carlos M. “Presencia de Cundo Bermúdez.” Alerta, Havana, CUBA, April 20, 1956.*

_________. cat. Cundo Bermúdez. Un Homenaje, Museo Cubano de Arte y Cultura, Miami, Florida, U.S.A., 1987.*

MARQUINA, Rafael. “Exposiciones. Cundo Bermúdez.” Lyceum, Havana, Vol.VIII, No. 29, pp.139‑140, CUBA, February, 1952.

_________. “Días y Obras del Pintor Cubano Cundo Bermúdez.” Información, Havana, CUBA, March 30, 1958.*

McCOURLAND, Elizabeth. “Glimpses of Cuban Life Today.” Springfield Sunday Union, U.S.A., March 26, 1944.*

PAU-LLOSA, Ricardo. “Desde Miami: Cundo Bermúdez.” La Prensa, Los Angeles, CA., U.S.A., June 15, 1973*

_________. “Cundo Bermúdez y el Teatro de la Pintura.” cat. Cundo Bermúdez. Obras Recientes. Exposición Homenaje, Galería Durban, Caracas [illus.], unpaginated, VENEZUELA, October-November, 1991.*

PEREZ RUIZ, José Antonio. “Cundo Bermúdez.” Viva, San Juan, PUERTO RICO, August 27, 1984.*

SABAS ALOMA, Mariblanca. “Pintores Cubanos: Cundo Bermúdez.” Avance, Havana, CUBA, November 17, 1942.

SUAREE, Octavio de la. “Cundo Bermúdez exhibe sus nuevas facetas pictóricas.” Avance, Havana, CUBA, January 1, 1952.

VALDES PLANA, Raúl. “Exposición Cundo Bermúdez.” Avance, Havana, CUBA, November 11, 1947.

VOLSKY, George. cat. Cundo Bermúdez Paintings/Alfredo Lozano Sculptures [December 16/1974-January 3/1975]. Bacardí Art Gallery, Miami, Florida, U.S.A.*

OTHER PUBLICATIONS

Gaceta del Caribe [Vol. 1, No. 3, May, No. 4, June/1944], Havana, CUBA (illustrations).

Orígenes [Vol. 6, No. 21, Spring, 1949/Vol. 13, No. 40, 1956], Havana, CUBA (covers).

Prometeo, Vol. II, No. 10, October, 1948, Havana, CUBA (cover)

Four Cuban Masters [Cundo Bermúdez, Mario Carreño, Mijares, Agustín Fernández]. Ed. Miami Press Publishers and Distributors, Inc., 1989, Miami, Florida, U.S.A. (portfolio with silk-screens)

PRINCIPAL COLLECTIONS

Lowe Art Museum, University of Miami, Coral Gables, Florida, U.S.A.

Metropolitan Museum and Art Center, Coral Gables, Florida, U.S.A.

Museo de Bellas Artes de Caracas, Caracas, VENEZUELA.

Museo Nacional de Bellas Artes, La Habana, CUBA.

Museo Histórico “La Periquera,” Holguín, CUBA.

Museum of Arts and Sciences, Daytona Beach, Florida, U.S.A.

Museum of Modern Art, New York, U.S.A.

Museum of Modern Art of Latin America, Washington, D.C., U.S.A.

PRINCIPAL WORK IN PUBLIC PLACES

Mural, 1984

Ceramic mural: 88 x 88 m; gardens of OAS General Secretariat building, Washington, D.C., U.S.A.